Biomass Carbonization Machine

Biomass carbonization machine (also called biomass pyrolysis plant) is used to dispose of biomass waste like wood chips, coconut shells, rice husks, plant stalks, peach nuclear, etc. Now Beston Group offers advanced carbonizer machine for all customers interested in this application. It can bring great benefits to investors. Next, please read on to learn more details.

Biomass Carbonization Machine
Biomass Carbonization Machine

Carbonization Machine – Turn Waste Biomass into Things of Value

Annually, the world generates a staggering 140 billion metric tons of biomass waste. This presents significant management problems. This is because discarded biomass can have negative environmental impacts, such as soil and water pollution. Now carbonization technology offers a sustainable solution to this biomass waste challenge. Through a high-temperature and low-oxygen pyrolysis process, the machine turns useless biomass waste into useful biochar, syn-gas, wood vinegar, and tar. This not only reduces environmental damage but also creates economic value. The innovation will play a vital role in tackling waste-related challenges and advancing a more sustainable and circular economy.

Cartonization Machine Used to Treat Biomass Waste

Choose Carbonization Machine You Like

When it comes to investing carbonization project, choosing the right machine is important. In this part, you can get information about the types, prices, and detailed parameters of the machine.

Batch & Skid-mounted & Continuous Type of Carbonizing Machine
Type Models Features  Price Range
Batch BST-J12, BST-J18, and BST-J40 With batch feeding and discharging, it is ideal for small-scale businesses. from $30,500 to $?
Skid-mounted (Mobile) BST-05 Pro It possesses flexible mobility. from $61,500 to $?
Continuous BST-05 Pro, BST-10, BST-30, and BST-50 With high automation and continuous feeding and discharging system, it is ideal for large-scale businesses. from $125,000 to $?
Batch biomass carbonization machine
Batch
Skid-mounted
Continuous biomass carbonization machine
Continuous
Parameters of Carbonization Machine
ModelBST-J12BST-J18BST-J40BST-05 Pro (skid-mounted)BST-10BST-30BST-50
Input Capacity12m³/h/batch18m³/h/batch40m³/h/batch0.3-0.5m³/h (300kg/h)2-4m³/h (1000kg/h)7-9m³/h (3000kg/h)10-15m³/h (5000kg/h)
Reactor Sizeφ1900mm*L4500mmφ1900mm*L6600mmφ2800mm*L7100mmφ830mm*L5500mmφ1300mm*L14051mmφ1700mm*L14180mmφ2000mm*L14260mm
Land for Equipment (L*W*H, Standard Configuration)9m*6m*6m12m*6m*7m15m*18m*7m10m*8m*3.9m29m*15m*5m30m*15m*8m35m*18m*9m
Weight (Standard Configuration)18T22T34T15T32T35T49T
Energy Consumption (Standard Configuration)11kw/h13.5kw/h25kw/h31kw/h34.7kw/h61.5kw/h116kw/h
Working MethodBatchFully continuous
Feeding Requirement/Size: ≤20mm; moisture: ≤15%; strong liquidity
StructureHorizontal rotationDouble barrel single hearthDouble barrel double hearth
Speed0-2RPM1-9RPM
Control MethodControl by buttonsPLC control
Reactor MaterialQ245RQ245+310S
PressureMicro negative pressure
Heating MaterialDiesel, natural gas, heavy oil, biomas, etc.
Heating MethodDirect heating
Noise (dB)≤80
CondenserCirculating water cooling
Rotation MethodExternal gear rotation

Available Raw Materials That Carbonization Machine Can Process

At present, biochar production equipment for sale is more used to process waste biomass from agriculture and forestry and organic biomass composition from sewage sludge. More details are given below.

  • Biomass waste: including coconut shells, fruit husks, and bagasse from the food processing industry; empty fruit bunch(EFB) and palm shells from the palm-related industries; bamboo, sawdust, and wood chips from the gardening and wood processing industry; plant straws, rice husks, and elephant grass from agriculture.
  • Organic elements of sewage sludge: including organic elements from civil sludge, municipal sludge, and industrial sludge.
coconut shell
coconut shell
hazelnut husk
hazelnut husk
bagasse
bagasse
empty fruit bunch
empty fruit bunch
palm shell
palm shell
bamboo
bamboo
wood sawdust
sawdust
wood chips
wood chips
wheat straw
wheat straw
rice husk
rice husk
elephant grass
elephant grass
sewage sludge
sewage sludge

End Products and Their Distribution Proportion

Carbonizing machine can produce several valuable end products from organic materials. These end products include biochar, wood vinegar, tar, and syngas. Please read on for more information.

End products we can get

Biochar from Pyrolysis
Biochar

Biochar is the primary product of wood charcoal making machine. It is a carbon-rich, porous material produced through the pyrolysis of biomass. The biochar is widely used as fuel in industries and daily life. It can be also used for soil restoration, carbon sequestration, and carbon credits. Moreover, it can be used in animal husbandry for feeding and environmental management

Wood Vinegar coming from Pyrolysis
Wood vinegar

Wood vinegar, also known as wood pyroligneous acid or wood tar, is a byproduct of the pyrolysis process. It is a dark, liquid substance with a pungent odor. Wood vinegar has various applications, including as a natural pesticide, plant growth enhancer, and as an ingredient in cosmetics and traditional medicine.

Tar coming from Pyrolysis
Tar

Tar is another byproduct of the pyrolysis process. It is typically a thick, sticky substance. It has various industrial uses, such as in road construction, roofing, or as a binder in the production of charcoal briquettes.

Syngas generated in Pyrolysis
Syngas

Syngas typically contain a combination of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen (H2), methane (CH4), and other trace gases. Usually, syngas produced in the pyrolysis process are directly used to heat the reactor. It can be also collected and processed to produce fuels like synthetic natural gas or liquid biofuels.

End products proportion
Raw materials End products Proportion
Raw materials with 10% moisture content biochar 30%
Wood vinegar 56%
tar 8%
syngas 2%
water 2%
dust 2%

Note: If you want to calculate the approximate biochar yield, you can use the following method.
For 1 ton of biomass, if the moisture content is 10%, the biochar yield is approximately 33.3%. If the moisture content exceeds 30%, you can get the biochar yield by subtracting the weight of the moisture from the original material and dividing it by three.

Working Process of Carbonization Equipment – Recycling Biomass Waste

Here outlines the process of how biomass carbonization machine recycle biomass waste to make charcoal. You can either read for more information or visit YouTube to gain a deeper understanding.

  1. Raw material pretreatment: Biomass raw materials are processed through processes such as drying and crushing to meet the requirements for machine feeding.
  2. Feeding and preheating: After pretreatment, biomass raw materials are fed into the pyrolysis furnace either manually or automatically. Then, heat the furnace for about 60-90 minutes.
  3. Pyrolysis reaction: At a high temperature of 380℃to 450℃, the low-oxygen biochar reactor releases volatile substances of biomass. At the same time, the reactor retains the solid carbon part to form biochar.
  4. Cooling and collection: After the pyrolysis process, biochar enters the cooling zone and is collected after cooling to below 45 ℃.

Note: Biochar production is complex and involves many other processes, such as waste gas treatment and temperature control requirements. It is necessary to analyze and adjust the process according to the specific situation.

Operation Process of Carbonization Machine

Unique Design of Beston Carbonizing Machine

Beston’s biomass pyrolysis plant shows outstanding performance in safety, efficiency, and eco-friendliness due to its unique design. Let’s take a closer look at each of these features.

Safety design
  • The pressure gauge and temperature sensor monitor the operation status of the equipment.
  • The explosion-proof device at the end of the pyrolysis furnace mitigates the risk of explosions or fire hazards in high-temperature processes.
  • PLC electric cabinet alarm device alerts operators to any abnormal conditions, allowing for timely intervention.
  • The explosion-proof water seal at the gas pipeline prevents the escape of potentially dangerous gases, enhancing safety during operation.
Energy-saving design
  • The sealing feeding design prevents the outside air from entering the furnace, improving fuel utilization efficiency.
  • The dual-loop heating structure improves heat transfer efficiency and reduces heat loss, ultimately saving energy and improving the overall carbonization efficiency.
  • 3-5 days of continuous operation without frequent shutdowns can lead to energy savings by reducing start-up and shutdown losses and improving overall process efficiency.
Eco-Friendly design
  • Syn-Gas recycling system can minimize energy waste, making the process more environmentally friendly.
  • Tertiary sedimentation water recycling system minimize the environmental impact of wastewater discharge.
  • Multi-channel dust removal system ensures that emissions are clean and compliant with environmental regulations.

Beston Carbonization Machine

Global Successful Cases of Carbonization Machine

Beston Group’s carbonization project has achieved a series of remarkable successes around the world. Our biomass carbonization machine has gained popularity all over the world. Moreover, these carbonization projects are well-received in the field of environmental protection and sustainable use of resources. If you are seeking partners in this field, we genuinely look forward to collaborating with you.

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